The major difference between the types of beer comes down to the type of yeast that is used to ferment them. For centuries people have been experimenting and brewing with different methods. Many of these traditions still live today and we have accumulated a large number of beer.
Beer is made with a combination of grains, water, yeast and hops.
Ales are a very distinct type of beer. Ales are brewed with top fermenting yeast at cellar temperature. They are full bodied with hints of fruit and spice and a pleasantly hoy finish. Generally robust and complex they come in different varieties such as bitters, milds, pale ales, nut browns etc.
These are darker than lager and have more assertive, individual personality than lager.
A lager which can range from sweet to bitter and pale to black are most commonly used to describe the bottom-fermented brews of Dutch, German and Dutch Styles. It is stored for several months in near freezing temperatures. Lagers are the most consumed beer of the world and have high carbonation and medium to high hop flavour.
3) Stouts and Porters
Stouts and porters are very similar and hardly are any distinct from each other. Porter is dark, fruity-dry, top fermenting style. Stouts on the other hand are not so sweet to taste and have a rich creamy head.
Porters are brewed with a combination of roasted malt and Stouts are brewed with unmalted roasted barley.
Malts are generally dark & sweeter and contain hints of caramel, toffee and nuts. They range fro light to full bodied.
Apart from type and beer can be identified by its style.
A very versatile style, ambers are full bodied malts aromas with a hint of caramel
Blond ales are very light in color and tend to be crisp, dry and with low bitterness.
Browns have an evidence of caramel and chocolate flavours and might have a strong citrus accent.
Creams are a very mild, sweetish creamy type of ales.
First brewed in UK, goldens are straw colors with slight hints of citrus and vanilla. They might have stronger spice flavours too.
A bull bodies beer with creamy texture and copper color. They are slightly sweet with hints of caramel.
7) India Pale Ale
A hoppier version of Pale Ale . Originally brewed in England with extra hops to survive the journey to British troops stationed in India.
Made with neutral and hard water. They are dry, crisp and golden in color with some bitter flavour.